Setting up a new fish tank can seem a bit overwhelming without proper directions. Your home will soon get new, colorful pets but that is also a big responsibility for you as a future fish owner.
You need to make sure that their living conditions are perfect, including the spotlessly clean fish tank. They rely on you to make their environment healthy, but that initial work pays off with the first look on a well-set fish tank, where fish thrive and grow. It’s a beautiful sight too!
You can choose to buy a new or used fish tank, but whatever you choose; you must first prepare it very carefully and thoroughly. But, don’t worry! The process is simple, and we’ll explain it in an understandable way.
New Fish Tank
Store-bought a fish tank that was never used usually comes with a guide for setting it up, and you should read those instructions and follow them.
You should avoid using any chemicals since almost all of them are toxic to fish. If an aquarium doesn’t look dirty, just rinse it with hot water and leave it to dry.
If it was long in storage and needs more cleaning, either buy specialized aquarium-safe glass cleaner or use white vinegar. Mix half a cup of white vinegar with a half-liter of distilled water.
It’s not a bad idea to use the special bucket and washing cloth solely for your fish tank, to make sure they weren’t exposed to any chemicals earlier. Whatever you use, you must rinse it completely. White vinegar is acidic, and if it’s not properly rinsed from the glass, it might mess up the pH of your water.
Leave the fish tank to dry completely, put it in a secure and stable place, in an area where the light and temperature of the tank won’t be affected by external factors, and you’re ready to start setting it up.
Used Fish Tank
You might have gotten a fish tank really cheap at a thrift store, garage sale, or from a friend or a family member who doesn’t want it anymore. That was an ideal way to save some money, but depending on the condition that the previous owner left the tank in, you might need to put some extra work into setting it up properly.
The best fish tank for a home is the one that the owner knows how to set up and maintain routinely and meticulously. Of course, first, you have to test it for leaks, after that clean it thoroughly from the inside and outside.
Don’t be concerned about lime, or hard water deposits, on the glass. These water deposits will become translucent very quickly when you fill the tank with water.
If their alkaline vinegar will dissolve them quickly. The vinegar is also acidic enough to kill any residual pathogens that may still reside in the used tank. Just rinse, rinse, rinse!
After you’ve cleaned your fish tank, it’s time for setting it up. Prepare in advance all the things you’ll need: filter, lighting, gravel, decorations (only those specifically intended for use in fish tanks), water conditioner (to dechlorinate tap water), net for transferring fish, and of course, fish and their food.
Thoroughly wash gravel, rocks, and ornaments with warm water, before adding them to your tank. Absolutely no chemicals are allowed, only vinegar if you need to remove some stubborn debris, but make sure you rinse that completely!
You can use a colander over the sink or bathtub for smaller amounts, or a bucket to put the gravel in, and a garden hose to add the water. Move your hands in a circular motion to wash the gravel with occasional changing of the dirty water over it.
Once you finish, water over gravel must not be cloudy at all, so you might have to repeat the process couple of times. After adding the gravel you can place your plants and decoration, and then carefully add water into the tank, to not mess it up, while using water conditioner.
After that you need to set up your heaters, filters, and any other equipment you have, making sure that your power cords don’t touch the water. Then all you need to do is wait, which is not fun, but it’s an absolutely necessary part. You may notice your water getting cloudy, but don’t worry.
Once your tank’s nitrogen cycle and filtration system has stabilized, start adding fish, but go with just one or two at a time. All this patience will pay out since your fish will be truly safe and healthy.